Bradford, Robert H. “The Temperature of the Lead Button in Cuppelation.” The Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry (American Chemical Society) 1, no. 3 (March 1909): 181-184.

Metallurgy professor Robert Bradford went outside the University of Utah bulletin to publish an article in the first volume of the American Chemical Society’s Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. The journal received Bradford’s article on December 24, 1908 and, in what seems a quick turn-around time, published it three months later. The author’s purpose in writing centered on establishing the exact temperature of the lead button within an assay furnace, a figure not previously recorded due to substandard pyrometers. Bradford utilized the Le Chatelier thermo-electric pyrometer. Bradford reported the temperature of the lead button to be 906 degrees Celsius.

Type of Publisher

Original Copyright Holder
American Chemical Society

Historical Article Distribution and Current Market
The journal was published monthly and distributed to members who also paid a separate subscription fee, which, according to the 1909 annual meeting report was $7.50. Fees to join and renew were $2.50. Membership in 1909 stood at 4,564. Non-members could subscribe to the journal for $6 a year, but there are no records detailing distribution to non-members. The journal is currently held by 1,286 libraries.

Times Cited

Digital Archive
American Chemical Society